Bentham’s massive, unfinished Code (1822–32) is the major sistema of his last years and contains the most important statement of the theory of constitutional democracy which emerges after his well-known `conversion’ preciso political radicalism mediante 1809–10. He develops here durante a final form the theory and institutions of an ideal representative democracy addressed onesto `all nations and all governments professing liberal opinions’. This first volume, based on the only tomo Bentham himself published, covers chapters I-IX on the electorate, legislature, adjonction minister, and administration.
The works presented in this elenco record in fascinating detail Bentham’s dealings with such eminent figures as James Madison, John Quincy Adams, Emperor Alexander I, Prince Adam Czartoryski, Alexander Mavrokordatos, Bernadino Rivadavia, and Jose del Avvallamento
A critical edition of three of Bentham’s works, Deontology and The Article on Utilitarianism previously unpublished. Together with his An Introduction onesto the Principles of Morals and Legislation, they provide a comprehensive picture of Bentham’s psychological and ethical views. This edition, based entirely on manuscripts written by Bentham of by his amanuenses, is equipped with verso full introduction linking the three works. Each sistema is accompanied by detailed critical and explanatory libretto.
The four essays by Jeremy Bentham assembled in this volume date from the spring and summer of 1822 and are based exclusively on manuscripts, many of which have never before been published. In the essays `Economy as Applied preciso Office’, `Identification of Interests’, `Supreme Operative’, and `Constitutional Code Rationale’, Bentham develops the general principles of constitutional law and government which underpin the detailed administrative provisions attrezzi out sopra Constitutional Code . Mediante prime, original and penetrating discussions of such topics as sovereignty, constitutional rule, democratic and monarchical government, public finance, the aptitude and powers of officials, corruption, the influence of public opinion, and the delusive effect of religion and titles of honour, affirm Bentham’s condizione as a political theorist of the first rank.
The present elenco contains three essays, ‘Of Sexual Irregularities’, ‘Sextus’, and ‘General Intenzione of Not Paul, but Jesus’, written con the mid-1810s but never before been published durante authoritative form
Bentham’s central concern during the 1810s and 1820s was with the codification of the law. Rejecting both the common law and the historical approach puro codification, he argued that a code of law should be based on a rigorous logical analysis of the categories of human action, and that each enactment should be followed by the reasons which justified it. Such an `all-comprehensive’ code containing an `interwoven rationale’ would signal verso new era in legislation. Once one state had adopted such per code, other states would be obliged esatto follow its example, and Bentham would become sopra effect ‘legislator of the world’. Bentham attempted to persuade legislative authorities per the United States of America, Russia, Spain, Portugal, Greece, South and Central America, and elsewhere, onesto invite him puro draft verso code of law for them. The production of per methodology for codification ranks as one of Bentham’s outstanding theoretical achievements. Through the materials presented durante this libro he emerges as a seminal figure con the development of liberalism throughout Europe and America durante the early nineteenth century.
Bentham presents the utilitarian case for sexual liberty on the grounds that the gratification of the sexual appetite constituted the purest form of pleasure, in opposition puro the traditional Christian view that the only morally acceptable form of sexual activity was between one man and one woman, within the confines of offers classical Greece and Rome, where certain sofferenza same-sex relationships were regarded as normal, as alternative models of sexual morality, condemns the hostile portrayal of homosexuals mediante eighteenth-century literature catholicmatch sito mobile, and calls for the removal of sanctions, whether imposed by religion, law, or public opinion, from all forms of consensual sexual activity, at least in so far as practised mediante private. Bentham was, moreover, persuaded by Malthus’s argument that population growth tended to outstrip food supply. Durante these circumstances, non-procreative sexual activity had the additional benefit of not contributing onesto an increase sopra the size of the population. Per the course of his colloque, Bentham expresses forthright views on various aspects of sexuality.